Changes in temperature, ocean acidification, sea level rise, drought and extreme weather events impact negatively on world’s biodiversity, in particular in areas where it is more vulnerable: this imply threat over vegetal and animal species and biomes’ changes (swift from one type of ecosystem to another, for example from tropical forest to savanna).
A research realized by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Caltech, under a NASA contract, identified among the most vulnerable areas: Himalayas and Tibetan Plateau, Madagascar, the Mediterranean region, Southern South America, Great Lakes and Great Plains area in North America as well as northern and southern taiga and boreal forests.
Biodiversity loss provoke by climate change makes it even more urgent to protect areas of high biodiversity. The IPCCC report Latin America as one of the largest areas of biodiversity concentration where the impacts of climate change are expected to increase biodiversity loss. The Yasuni National Park, in the ecuadorian amazonian forest is an example of biodiversity hotspot to be protected. It is one of the more diverse ecosystems in the world.